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Diabetic Eye Exams
Diabetic eye diseases affect those with diabetes and include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, cataracts and glaucoma. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common condition causing vision loss for people with diabetes. As a matter of fact, it’s the leading cause of blindness and vision impairment. This condition adversely affects the blood vessels in the retina. It has four stages: mild non-proliferative, moderate non-proliferative, severe non-proliferative and proliferative. The proliferative stage is the most advanced and can lead to retinal detachment resulting in permanent vision loss. With annual diabetic retinopathy screening by an optometrist, the condition can be treated quickly to prevent its progression. This is why a regular diabetic eye exam is so critical. Diabetic macular edema is the build-up of fluid in the macula. About 50 percent of those with diabetic retinopathy with develop diabetic macular edema. It can occur at any stage of diabetic retinopathy.
Those with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk for diabetic retinopathy. Up to 45 percent of people with diabetes have some stage of this condition, but only some are aware of it. The early stages of diabetic retinopathy typically display no symptoms. Unfortunately, this disease progresses undetected until it actually affects vision. One of its first symptoms is the appearance of floating spots. This is due to bleeding from the retinal blood vessels.
Diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema are detected with a thorough dilated eye exam that includes visual acuity testing, tonometry, pupil dilation and optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT provides detailed images of the eyes’ tissues. During a comprehensive dilated eye exam, optometrists check for changes to blood vessels, leaking blood vessels, changes in the lens, macula swelling and nerve tissue damage.
Dr. David R. Frazee performs comprehensive diabetic eye exams in Richardson. As an experienced and up-to-date Richardson optometrist, he utilizes the latest technology, including the optomap Retinal Exam. This state-of-the-art technology produces a detailed image of the retina and can detect diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, cataracts and glaucoma. It scans the eye and detects disease. In addition, he uses the RHAs multi-spectral imaging software for a detailed image of key eye structures in order to perform a comprehensive analysis of eye health. Plus, Dr. David R. Frazee uses the latest in tomography for the identification and treatment of diabetic cataracts and glaucoma. With oclulus pentacam, he measures the anterior chamber depth, corneal thickness and curvature of the cornea. All around, his Richardson diabetic eye exams encompass the best technology in eye care.
If you’re a diabetic, maintaining good eye health is dependent on having regular eye exams. Whether you’re experiencing vision changes or not, give us a call in Richardson at 972-669-4141 to schedule an eye exam today.