Your eyes are an excellent barometer of your visual and general health. In fact, many illnesses have a surprising effect on the eyes. Paying attention to changes in your eyes and vision can help y ...View Article
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Cataract surgery is generally recommended in order to replace a lens that has clouded up over time. This is a common problem among older people. Preparing for this procedure is not difficult, but just requires some mindfulness.
About a week or the visit before the surgery, the optometrist performs an ultrasound test on the eyes in order to measure size and shape. This allows him to select the right implant type. IOLs or Intraocular lenses are the types of lens that most people receive. They are made of plastic, acrylic, or silicone, and become a permanent part of the eye.
Antibiotic eye drops may be recommended before the surgery. They should be taken a day or two before cataract surgery to reduce the risk of infection.
Do not eat or drink 12 hours before the procedure. This is important to help reduce problems resulting from the anesthesia.
The doctor should be aware of all current prescription and over-the-counter medication regimes before surgery. He may advise you to stop taking some of the medications before the surgery, particularly ones that increase the risk of bleeding. Some prostate medications can negatively impact cataract surgery as well, so be sure to tell the doctor about all medication currently being taken.
Finally, this surgery is usually an outpatient surgery. Patients should arrange for a ride home as they are not permitted to drive. Bending and lifting may be limited for about a week after surgery, so it may be necessary to arrange for help during that time.
This type of surgery is done with local anesthetic. A sedative may be given. This will cause some grogginess but leaves patients awake for the surgery. The patient's pupils are dilated for the procedure. A tiny incision is all that is necessary for most patients and usually does not require stitches. The old lens is broken up using either ultrasound or laser techniques and suctioned out. The back of the lens capsule is left for the new lens to rest on. The new lens is inserted and slipped onto the old lens capsule.
It takes a few days for most people to have vision improvement, due to the healing process. During that time, the doctor may ask that an eye patch or shield be worn. It is also normal for there to be some itching or light discomfort. Pain medication and antibiotic eye drops should be taken as directed. Patients should take care to not touch, push, or rub the eye. A follow-up appointment will be made for a day or two after surgery so that the doctor can ensure the placement and healing process are proceeding as it should. Warning signs of a problem include vision loss, floaters/spots or light flashes in the vision, persistent pain, or increased eye redness.
Dr. David Frazee of Richardson Eye Care is happy to provide cataract and Lasik surgeries for Richardson area patients. Please call the office for an appointment at 972-669-4141.